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Archive for the ‘War Memorials’ Category

Ninety nine years on from the start of World War One there is a group of men who’s service has long since been forgotten about, these men were Eastern European immigrants from Russia and the Baltic States who had settled in Scotland.

So how did these men come to settle in Scotland?

Many of them were escaping the clutches of Czarist Russia’s Army, where they would serve many years for little reward. In the 1890s many decided that enough was enough and left Russia, Lithuiania, Latvia and Ukraine with the intention of moving to the United States.

At this time there was an active trade between German and Baltics ports and ports such such Leith on the east coast of Scotland, with coal being a prime export from Scotland. One of the main exporters was the Lothian Coal Company with numerous ships to and froing.

Rather than come back empty, the filthy coal ships offered immigrants cheap passage to a new life, which the immigrants thought would be in the USA. To their horror they were deposited in Leith (Port town of Edinburgh) without a job and homeless.

The Lothian Coal Company was not slow to take advantage of their situation, the Lady Victoria Colliery had just opened in Newtongrange, many men were needed to man it’s new and highly productive coal seams. At first Scotish families moved through, mostly from Lanarkshire, however their numbers were insufficient and the Eastern Europeans were offered a job and and a house, many, especially those with a wife and family,had no choice other than to accept.

They settle in two main areas, the bulk in Bellshill, Lanarkshire and the rest in Newtongrange. Most came from Suwalki which lies in the NE of current day Poland and SW Lithuania.

And so my  village of Newtongrange became home to several hundred ‘Russian Poles’ as they were christened. Coming from all walks of life, few if any had ever been down a coal mine, most spoke no English, and a number were illiterate. Most settled in their new home and by 1906 there were around 200 Lithuanians and a number from Latvia and Ukraine living in the village, by the outbreak of war around 800 or about 1 in 5 of the population of Newtongrange were immigrants.

Technically they were Russian citizens at this time, and as such ‘friendly Aliens’ who had to register with the Police and had certain restrictions on their movements. Unlike the Germans and Austrians in the community there were still free to live and work in the village.

Many men from the village enlisted in the Army, including a group of around 25 Lithuanian miners, who wished to join the famous McCrae’s Battalion, the 16th Royal Scots. They were initially accepted by were sent home shortly after as they could not read or write in English.

Not all were rejected however, men such as the Mikolajunas brothers Jan and Stanislaw were accepted into the Royal Scots and the Lancashire Fusiliers, Ukrainian Vasily Nikitenko boarded the bus into Edinburgh where he enlisted in the Royal Garrison Artillery. This pattern continued through 1916 with the occasional man enlisting, but most remaining in the coal mining industry.

This was about to change however, conscription had been introduced in early 1916 for British citizens, ‘Russian’ citizens were not subject to conscription, at least that was until 1917 when a treaty was signed between Russian and Great Britain allowing both to conscript each other’s citizen into their Army.

An ultimatum was issued to the Eastern Europeans, they were to make a choice, enlist in the British Army or return to Russia to fight for the Czar. Around 2/3rds of them decided to return, believing they were fighting to preserve their national identity. Not a single man who chose to fight for Russia was ever seen again, shamefully their families were rounded up and deported, again many never to be seen again.

As the for the others, well most were sent in job lots to Infantry regiments, from my research I have identified groups sent to the Royal Scots, Kings Own Scottish Borderers, Scottish Rifles and the East Yorkshire Regiment, My theory is that they tried to keep the men in groups to overcome the language barrier, with an English speaking man in each group.

160 Siege Artillery Battery

160 Siege Artillery Battery 1916, Vasily Nikitenko rear row, 5 from right.

In 1917 the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia sent shock waves through the Allies and many of the ‘Russian Poles’ were viewed with much suspicion as potential ‘Reds’ and were removed from Infantry battalions and sent to unarmed Labour battalions. However many of the men who had proved themselves reliable under fire remained with combat units until the end of the war.

Inevitably some became casualties and a number made the ultimate sacrifice, mostly in 1918.

If you take a walk through Newtongrange Park you will come across the war memorial on which are these names

Pte Klemis Poliskis, Scottish Rifles, Pte Juozas Sanalitis, Kings Own Scottish Borderers, Gnr Stanaslaw Scortolskis, Royal Field Artillery, Pte Justinas Tutlis, Royal Scots all of whom were Lithuanian.

In 2007 I successfully campaigned to have another name added to the war memorial, it was that of Gunner Vasily Nikitenko, who if you recall, volunteered in 1916.

In 1918 Vasily was awarded the Military Medal for gallantry during the German Spring Offensive, sadly he did live long after the award, on the 28th May, 1918 he was manning his gun when a stray shell landed killing him and wounding a number of others.

I was also able to assist Geraldine Bruin, the Great Neice of Zigmas Vilkaitis to have his name added to Glenboig war memorial in Lanarkshire, you can read his story here

After the war most of the Lithuanians moved away from the area, mostly to the United States, the majority of those that remained took British nationality and adopted British names, men such as Jan Mikolajunas, who became John Nicol. There is no little trace of the Lithuanian community in Newtongrange or elsewhere in the district, I estimate that around 100 Eastern European men served in the Army and would welcome contact from anyone related to them.

John Duncan – Honorary Board Member of the Scottish Lithuanian Community

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The Thiepval Memorial on the Somme is one of the most distinctive memorials to the fallen on the Western Front. towering dramatically above the surrounding countryside, it bears the names of 72203 British soldiers who lost their life on the Somme and have no known grave.

Thiepval Memorial

Thiepval Memorial

Amongst those men is Pte Alexander Meek 10/11th Highland Infantry from the village of Newtongrange, Midlothian where I live, one man amongst many, so what, if anything makes Alex any different from the others.

The story begins back in Newtongrange, Alex Meek was an old soldier in the 8th Royal Scots, the local territorial battalion, at the outbreak of war he re-enlisted in the 3/8th Royal Scots, a Home Service Battalion to help train the younger soldiers, and prepare them for the front.

The Meeks were a patriotic family, in 1914 his son Robert was in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, Charles was a Royal Engineer, John was in France with the 1/8th Royal Scots and his son-in-law David Hill, a former policeman in Newtongrange, was serving with the Cameron Highlanders. Later in the war Robert was badly wounded and awarded the Military Medal whilst serving with the Machine Gun Corps, his brother John was also awarded the Military Medal for rescuing an injured comrade.

Alex Meek however was restless and even though he was 54 years old, and a Grandfather, he decided that training soldiers was not enough for him, he wanted to take the fight to the Germans. Somehow he managed to pull a few strings and following the opening of the Battle of the Somme when many thousands of men were killed, he was transferred to the 10th/11th Highland Infantry of the 15th (Scottish) Division and went to France in September of 1916, along with a number of other local Royal Scots.

Alex was sent directly to the front, and pitched straight into the battle of Flers-Courcelette on 15th September,1916. The 15th Scottish Division were tasked with capturing the village of Martinpuich, it would be a tough nut to crack. At the whistle’s blast men from 46th Brigade went over the top, the 10th  Scottish Rifles, 7th & 8th  Kings Own Scottish Borderers, 10/11th   Highland Light Infantry and 12th Highland  Light Infantry.

Alex Meek was one of those men, he had only  got a few yards when he and his work mate from the pit, 36-year-old Robert Barton from Newtongrange were hit by a shell, they were never seen again.

The village was taken but other objectives were not, British and New Zealand Casualties were over 29,000.

It was thought at one time that Rupert Inglis an army chaplain and a former International rugby player was the oldest man on the memorial  at the age of 53.

He was killed while helping a party of stretcher bearers bring in the wounded.

It may well  be that a miner and  Grandfather from Newtongrange is actually the oldest man on the Thiepval Memorial, rest in peace Alex.

Since I published this article I have been contacted by Geoff Sullivan, an expert on the Commonwealth War Graves Commission database amongst other things. Geoff agreed that Alex is one of the oldest, but not the oldest man on the memorial. That dubious honour appears to fall to William Sanders. Spookily he is also a local man, living in Musselburgh, but born in Dalhousie.

Incredibly he was 60 years old when he was killed in action on the 2nd of July, 1916 whilst serving with the Royal Scots Fusiliers, quite remarkable that he was allowed to enlisted at 20 years over the normal maximum.

Alex Meek's  death notice in Dalkeith Advertiser

Alex Meek’s death notice in Dalkeith Advertiser

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Newtongrange war memorial in the snowIf you follow my blog on a regular basis you will be aware of the ongoing campaign to have men added to Newtongrange War memorial. A few weeks ago I sent in a request under the Freedom of Information Act, which you may have already read.

I received answers to the questions I posed today and here is what was said,along with my views on the answers given.

First off the Council have confined the answer to WW2 apparently which is not what I asked, my questions were regarding the war memorial not merely WW2.

1. Does the Council actually own the memorial or is it the Royal British Legion?

Midlothian Council         The Memorial to those who fell during the Second World War is sited on land owned by the Council.  Whether ownership transferred is not known but more than likely the local authority will have adopted it and this Council continues in that role, undertaking maintenance (as with all similar Memorials of its type in Midlothian) in terms of the Local Government (Scotland ) Act 1992. By extension, that includes consideration of any alterations to the Memorial.

John Duncan There is no separate memorial to WW2, there is a memorial erected by the British Legion and two stone tablets, one for WW1 and one for WW2 and other relevant conflicts.  I don’t dispute the ownership of the land, clearly that it owned by the council. However it seems vague whether it was previously adopted.

2. Who is responsible for repairs to the memorial?

Midlothian Council    Midlothian Council.

John Duncan   Good to know some of the lettering starting to fade a bit.

3. What criteria do the Council use for deciding who’s names appear on the memorial?

Midlothian Council     Whether the individual was killed in action or died of wounds in a theatre of war and the connection with the village eg place of domicile / residence where native, at the time of death

John Duncan    This is an interesting answer. Have the Council purposely referred to WW2 in the answer and applied these criteria to this war only, and not to WW1. If so it’s very strange and contradictory as the lists for both tablets were drawn up at the same time around 1999 / 2000.

There are men on the WW1 tablet who do not fit the above criteria, ie one that died of an accident and a number of men who died of illness on active service. Just to clarify I have always stated that these men should be on the memorial, I do not feel however that there should be a different set of rules for WW2. Why would you want to do this?

4. Who is responsible for the nomination / decision process?

Midlothian Council   Nominations are received from interested parties who may be the family of the individual or
others.  The decision process involves endeavouring to ascertain / corroborate the factors at 3 above.

John Duncan    Okay, so who is responsible for making the decision?  This does not answer the question. Is it Midlothian Council or is it the Community Council?

5. In the event of a dispute regarding a decision made regarding a nominee, what right of appeal is there?

Midlothian Council   There is no record of a dispute ever having arisen but, ultimately, it would be for the local authority to decide.

John Duncan   If the Council are making the initial decision then, clearly, it is undemocratic and unfair that they them make an appeal decision on their own decision.

Are they going to say on the one hand – “No this man can’t go on a memorial” and then on appeal say – “You know what we were wrong” and change their mind.

No chance, there should be an independent body, or the Community Council should make the initial decision and any dispute is resolved by Midlothian Council.

6. What procedures are in place for potential victims of current / future conflicts.

Midlothian Council   Currently, there is no provision for this locally, although it is known that in some instances, one or two names of those who fell during conflicts since the Second World War have been added to Memorials in other towns and villages.

The National Memorial Arboretum, Staffordshire records (a) those who have given their lives in the service of their country, (b) all who have served and those who have suffered as a result of conflict, and (c) others who for specific or appropriate reasons are commemorated on the site.

John Duncan  I will reserve judgement on this one, I would like to think that anyone that dies, through what ever means, in a conflict is remembered on our war memorial.

7. Does the council accept Commonwealth War Graves Commission data as evidence of eligibility?

Midlothian Council The question has never arisen but any information will be considered

John Duncan  Interesting, because it has arisen twice at least in the case of George Noble, once in 1999 and again this year by myself. You may recall the answer from Midlothian Council.

“As regards Pte Noble, I have a  record that states that he appears to have  died as the result of an accident aged 21 years on Salisbury Plains (parachute  failed to open) post the Palestine conflict. In the circumstances, a previous  request to have his name added to the Memorial was declined; and that  regrettably is the conclusion that must be reached on this occasion. I have  raised the question here about  additions in respect of post 1939 – 1945  war but have yet to obtain an outcome. Theoretically at least, the names of  those who were killed / died of wounds after WW2 in other conflicts are recorded  at the National Memorial / Arboretum.”

The Council also provided a potted history of the war memorial which I am a little bit confused by.

“In January 1934, the Memorial was unveiled in the Welfare Park – a rough silver granite pillar, to their memory – provided by the Women’s Section of the British Legion.” (This is correct)

“(In most cases, the decisions to erect or provide World War 1 memorials in public spaces were taken by the Council’s predecessor authorities; and the cost was met through public subscription; and adapted after World War 2. Unusually, in this case, the Memorial in respect of  World War 1 was in the Church and the complete rationale for the erection of the World War 2 Memorial in a public space is not currently available but it is thought likely that there would have been some form of public subscription albeit one organised by the British Legion.)”

The public war memorial was not held in the church. The memorial referred to bears the names of members of the United Free Church, including my Great Uncle Charles Gibson. This memorial was originally housed in the church at the foot of the village which is now the Masonic Hall. When the Church ceased to function as a church, the plaque was given to the Church of Scotland in the Main Street, Newtongrange for safe keeping, it remains there to this day.

When the memorial in the park was erected  in 1934, in the Welfare Park, it was intended as a place of Remembrance for all the village, not just the member of the United Free Church.

Given it was erected in 1934 it was clearly not intended as a WW2 memorial ,unless our forefathers predicted a second global conflict. The dates 1939 to 1946 were added at a later date post WW2, the memorial was designed pure and simple as a WW1 memorial which has been adapted twice as the years go by.

The tablets were added in 2000 as it was annoying most people that the inscription on the memorial read;

“To the memory of the lads from this Parish who fell in the Great War 1914 – 1918 & World War II 1939. Their name liveth for evermore.”

Finally lest it be thought I am being over critical, I think their gardeners do a magnificent job year in, year out making our memorial a fitting place to remember ‘our lads’.

Anyway we shall see what the Community Council make of this.

Newtongrange War Memorial

Newtongrange War Memorial

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John T Lockhart with his wife Pearl and daughter. Photo restored free of charge by Pristineimage.co.uk

John T Lockhart with his wife Pearl and daughter.
Photo restored free of charge by Pristineimage.co.uk

I thought it appropriate as Australians and New Zealanders the world over commemorate ANZAC day, that I pay a tribute to a man, John Tillie Lockhart, who travelled from Newtongrange to the other side of the world.

Born in Newtongrange , he immigrated to Australia along with his cousin (who also served in the AIF) to the coal mining village of Kurri Kurri in New South Wales, where he would sign  up in 1915 and serve his adopted country.

He was killed in action on the 4th October, 1917 in Belgium whilst serving with 3rd Infantry Battalion , AIF. His mother would receive a booklet from the Australian Government “Where the Australians Rest” which was given to the next of kin of those killed in action.

In a story that now spans three continents,John would leave behind a widow , Pearl  and his little girl, here is a picture of them together just before his embarkation.

This magnificent photo was given to me by Keith Stewart, a friend of mine, and a relative of John Lockhart

Now nearly 100 years on another three members of Newbattle at War have discovered that they are related to John. Helen Szafer, Gordon Smith and Aileen Smith whom I am grateful to for supplying these photographs.

My wife is also a distant relative of the Lockharts.

The Lockhart's house in Kurri Kurri, Australia

The Lockhart’s house in Kurri Kurri, Australia

Miners memorial Kurri Kurri

Miners memorial Kurri Kurri

Miners Memorial Newtongrange

Miners Memorial Newtongrange

The similarity between the Miners memorial in Kurri Kurri and Newtongrange is quite striking.

The first photo is prior to the renovation of the memorial and it’s remount on a more impressive plinth.

In 2009 the miners were officially commemorated for the first time, thanks in part to my father Alexander Duncan who was a miner himself.

The wreath was laid by an ex Bevan Boy who was posted here in WW2. he married a girl from the village and stayed in the village he grew to love.

To finish here is John’s name on the Kurri Kurri WAr Memorial, you can just see his name at the top. Apologies for the quality of the photo but it the only one I have I’m afraid.

Kurri Kurri war memorial

Kurri Kurri war memorial

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Barrie-Jones-and-family-lat

Engine Articifer 4th Class Barrie Jones and his family

This is a sad tale, a story of a man that two neighbouring villages, Gorebridge and Newtongrange, apparently do not want on their war memorials. Their reasons are different but the effect is same.

His daughter Elizabeth (pictured) now approaching her 70th birthday has no place locally to commemorate her father’s memory.

Barrie was born in the village of Cockpen which lies between the much larger villages of Newtongrange and Bonnyrigg, Midlothian. The family subsequently move to Newtongrange and live at 1 then 5 the Main Street. In 1943 Barry (aged 20) marries Elizabeth Mary Paterson from Gowkshill, a stones throw from the village, in Stobhill Church, as is normal for the era, Barry and Elzabeth move in with her parents.

In 1944 they are blessed with a child Elizabeth. Barry is away from home, he in serving in the Far East with Royal Navy, when the war ends he is stationed at HMS Landswell in Singapore, his duties bring him into contact with Japanese POWS who are being held in Singapore.

On the 14th of January, 1946 he is returning to the base in an open transport lorry, the lorry hits a bump and Barrie is thrown from the vehicle onto the road, he suffers massive head injuries and quickly succumbs to them. Barrie was buried with full military honours on the 16th of January, 1946 at 11am in Bardurdari Cemetery, Singapore and a cross erected on his grave. The sad news is conveyed to his widow, his daughter is a toddler and does not understand her daddy is dead.

Barrie-Jones-1st-Grave

Barrie Jones first grave, snapped by a shipmate

In 1955 the Imperial War Graves Commission inform Elizabeth Jones that Barrie’s grave is to be relocated to Kranji War Cemetery, which subsequently occurs in 1957.

When the time came to add names to Gorebridge WW2 Memorial Barrie’s name was put forward as his wife was from the Gorebridge District, however he was declined as the panel deciding who went on the memorial, decided that Barrie was a resident of Newtongrange, not Gorebridge so should go on their memorial.

When his name was put forward to go on Newtongrange War Memorial, they decided that as he died by accident, and after the war, he was not eligible for a place on their memorial. Of the two decisions Newtongrange’s is the most shameful, their reasoning does not stand up to scrutiny,ie “Barrie died of an accident after the war was finished”.

On the WW1 memorial they already have a man who killed by a train whilst on leave, two who died from influenza, one who died from heart failure. Why is Barrie Jones so different from these men?

I do not disagree that these men should be on the memorial, on the contrary I believe that the Commonwealth War Graves Commission standards of eligibility should be applied fairly and consistently to each man, not randomly.

To finish I will repeat the criteria laid down by the CWGC for eligibility, Midlothian Council,Newtongrange please get your act together, do the right thing, you are beginning to make me ashamed of my village, something I thought I would never say as a proud Nitten man.

Second World War – 3rd September 1939 to 31st December 1947

The location of their death and the cause of death are immaterial to their qualification. They could have been killed in action, died of wounds, died of illness or by accident, died due to suicide or homicide or suffered judicial execution. CWGC treats all casualties equally and all must be commemorated under the terms of their Royal Charter.

Edited 18th April

I have now received official documentary evidence that Barrie Jones resided at 1 Main Street, Newtongrange at the time of his marriage, and that he was ‘currently on active service’. This vindicates the decision of the Gorebridge Committee,in that he resided in Newtongrange, hopefully now this and the other facts listed above, will convince Midlothian Council and the Community Council that their decision was wrong, and they change their minds.

I will keep you posted.

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Today, Friday 12th April, I sent a Freedom of Information request to Midlothian Council. I have decided that this ‘absolute nonsense’ as I called it has gone on long enough, the prevarication, the excuses, the refusals.

I supplied the Community Council with details of all the enquiry over a year ago, still no action, not good enough I am afraid, the relatives of the men concerned are rightly not impressed, they are not alone.

I believe in openness and honesty so here are the questions I asked the council today, they have 20 working days so I probably won’t have an update before this time next month. Should this fail I will take the matter further until a bit of justice is achieved for the Lads of Newtongrange.

John Duncan

Newtongrange War Memorial

I would be grateful if you can clarify the following points for me regarding this memorial.

1. Does the Council actually own the memorial or is it the Royal British Legion?

2. Who is responsible for repairs to the memorial?

3. What criteria do the Council use for deciding who’s names appear on the memorial?

4. Who is responsible for the nomination  / decision process?

5. In the event of a dispute regarding a decision made regarding a nominee, what right of appeal is there?

6. What procedures are in place for potential victims of current / future conflicts.

7. Does the council accept Commonwealth War Graves Commission data as evidence of eligibility?

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William Currie was born in 1913 in Cockpen, a very small village, near to Newtongrange. In 1939 he married and settled in Newtongrange, living with his wife at 41 Eighth Street. When war was declared William was called up and joined the RAF, following his training he was promoted to Leading Aircraftman and sent to 228 Squadron, Coastal Command which flew Short Sunderland flying boats on Convoy protection. In 1942 the Squadron moved to Oban on the west coast of Scotland to patrol the North West approaches.

Sunderland Flying boat in wartime camoflague

Sunderland Flying boat in wartime camoflague

In August, 1942 a mysterious and tragic accident occurred when a Sunderland on a classified mission to Iceland crashed into a mountain in the extreme north of Scotland killing all onboard, bar the rear gunner who was thrown clear on impact inside the tail unit. Amongst the dead was the Duke of Kent, the first member of the Royal Family to die on active service for nearly 500 years.

The reason the aircraft was on it’s way to Iceland has never been revealed and many alternative theories exist including that Rudolf Hess was on board and the aircraft going to Sweden. What ever the reason there was great interest in the accident.

Two weeks later on, the 5th of September, 1942 Sunderland W4032 took off from Oban on a convoy protection mission, onboard were were 10 crew and a journalist Fred NanCarrow from the Glasgow Herald, much has been made of NanCarrow’s presence and some say he was investigating the death of the Duke of Kent. NanCarrow was mad keen on aircraft and had only recently written a book celebrating the work of 602 City of Glasgow Squadron, his family stated he wanted to join the RAF but was rejected as unsuitable.

After several hours at sea the giant flying boat turned around for home, but it became apparent that there was insufficient fuel to make it back to Oban. The Pilot Flying Officer F J Fife of the Royal Canadian Air Force decided there was no other option than to put down in the water, on the face of it not a major problem for a flying boat, and take on more fuel. At 8.40pm the Sunderland set down in Vane Bay but hit a rock which ripped the bottom out of the aircraft causing it to start sinking.

An SOS signal was sent out and in response the Tobermory lifeboat set out to assist the airmen, however on reaching the last known position of the Sunderland, all that was found was clothing floating on the surface.

A full scale search was launched and an RAF Hudson spotted a dinghy with one man in it off the north coast of Coll. The lifeboat was directed in, however when it got there the only people still alive were Flying Officer M E Russell, the co-pilot and Flight Sgt R B H Scroggs. The Pilot Mr Fife, William Henderson and William Currie were recovered from the water having drowned, the bodies of Charles Castle (Gunner), Victor Ames (Flt Sgt), Kenneth Page (Gunner), Edward Cowan (Radio operator) were recovered later on having died of exposure.

Sunderland-cockpit

The massive cockpit of a Sunderland designed for cross Continent flying

The bodies of Pilot Officer Robert Hicks and Fred NanCarrow were never recovered.

The men are buried the length and breadth of the United Kingdom.

 

 

William Currie was buried with full military honours in Newbattle Cemetery.

Although he is remembered on Bonnyrigg war memorial, he is not recorded on Newtongrange War memorial despite  living in the village and being married to a woman from Newtongrange. He is another man unfortunately missed out  in putting the names on the memorial some 50 odd years after his death.

I feel he is entitled to a place on the memorial.

The crew of Sunderland W4032

1

FRAME, ROBERT HICKS Rank:Pilot OfficerService No:J/10326Date of Death:05/09/1942Age:27Regiment/Service:Royal Canadian Air Force 228 Sqdn. Panel ReferencePanel 100.MemorialRUNNYMEDE MEMORIAL Additional Information:

Son of David and Evelyn Frame, of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

2

CASTLE, CHARLES FREDERICK Rank:SergeantTrade:Air Gnr.Service No:1386747Date of Death:05/09/1942Age:27Regiment/Service:Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve 228 Sqdn. Grave ReferencePlot N. Row G. Class B. Grave 22.CemeteryTWICKENHAM CEMETERY Additional Information:

Son of William John and Maud Castle, of Hounslow.

Ham and eggs in the galley of a Sunderland.

Ham and eggs in the galley of a Sunderland.

3

HENDERSON, WILLIAM HENRY Rank:Flight SergeantTrade:Air Gnr.Service No:638920Date of Death:05/09/1942Age:20Regiment/Service:Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve 228 Sqdn. Grave ReferencePlot D. Grave 38C.CemeteryCHEPSTOW CEMETERY Additional Information:

Son of Robert William Henderson and Ada Mary Henderson, of Chepstow

4

CURRIE, WILLIAM Rank:Leading AircraftmanService No:990932Date of Death:05/09/1942Age:28Regiment/Service:Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve 228 Sqdn. Grave ReferenceSec. H. Grave 316.CemeteryNEWBATTLE CEMETERY Additional Information:

Son of William and Nellie Greenfield Currie; husband of Mary Currie, of Newtongrange.

5

AMES, VICTOR ETHELBERT Rank:Flight SergeantService No:905470Date of Death:05/09/1942Age:26Regiment/Service:Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve 228 Sqdn. Grave ReferencePlot X.M. Grave 143.CemeteryCANTERBURY CEMETERY, KENT Additional Information:

Son of Llewellyn Herbert Spencer Ames and Esther Ames; husband of Dorothy May Ames, of Canterbury.

6

BARBER, KENNETH PAGE Rank:Flight SergeantTrade:Air Gnr.Service No:572527Date of Death:05/09/1942Age:20Regiment/Service:Royal Air Force 228 Sqdn. Grave ReferenceCon. Sec. Grave 3915.CemeteryWESTON-SUPER-MARE CEMETERY Additional Information:

Son of Hugh Alister Barber and Nell Page Barber, of Weston-super-Mare.

7

COWAN, EDWARD Rank:SergeantTrade:W.Op./Air Gnr.Service No:1255347Date of Death:05/09/1942Age:21Regiment/Service:Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve 228 Sqdn. Grave ReferenceSec. I. Grave 16.CemeteryOBAN (PENNYFUIR) CEMETERY Additional Information:

Son of Braham and Eva May Allcroft Cowan, of Aldershot, Hampshire.

8

FIFE, FREDERICK JAMES Rank:Flying OfficerTrade:PilotService No:J/4747Date of Death:05/09/1942Age:27Regiment/Service:Royal Canadian Air Force 228 (R.A.F.) Sqdn Grave ReferenceSec. I. Grave 17.CemeteryOBAN (PENNYFUIR) CEMETERY Additional Information:

Son of Frederick James Fife and Eleanor Anderson Fife, of Young’s Point, Ontario, Canada. B.A. Clerk in Holy Orders.

9

NANCARROW, FRED GEORGE Rank:ReporterDate of Death:05/09/1942Age:29Regiment/Service:War Correspondent The Glasgow Herald Panel ReferencePanel 292.MemorialRUNNYMEDE MEMORIAL Additional Information:

Son of Fred J. Nancarrow and Marie Nancarrow; husband of Frances Craig Nancarrow, of Goftfoot, Glasgow. Author of “Glasgow’s Fighter Squadron”.

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